Chromosomes are long portions of genes that carry genetic information. They have been made up of DNA and proteins and are also positioned in the nucleus of y our cells. Chromosomes determine sets from locks color and attention color to sex. Whether you’re a male or female depends upon the existence or lack of particular chromosomes. Peoples cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes for an overall total of 46. You can find 22 pairs of autosomes (non-sex chromosomes) and another couple of intercourse chromosomes. The intercourse chromosomes would be the X chromosome plus the Y chromosome.